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Health of adolescents and young adults

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Health of adolescents and young adults

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The survival prospects of young adults are radically different in different parts of the world. Sub-Saharan Africa, Oceania, North Africa and South Asia had the highest death rates among people aged 10 to 24 in 2020. Sub-Saharan Africa had an average death rate worldwide among 10-year-olds six times higher than that of the United States. States States and Europe.

Critical health issues

injuries

Death and disability rates among adolescents are disproportionately high due to preventable, non-violent injuries. Road accidents claimed the lives of around 100,000 young people aged 10 to 19 in 2019. Many victims were pedestrians, cyclists or motorized two-wheeler drivers, all particularly vulnerable to the vagaries of traffic.

There is a need for more enforcement and wider coverage of road safety rules in many countries. Regulations against driving under the influence of alcohol or drugs must be strictly enforced in all areas, and young drivers need to be trained and advised on how to do so safely. As a precaution, new drivers should have access to graduated licenses with a zero-tolerance policy for drinking and driving.

Violence

Adolescents and young people are particularly vulnerable to interpersonal violence, which is one of the leading causes of death worldwide. The extent to which it is recognized varies greatly from one part of the world to another. One in eight young people report having been sexually abused, illustrating the widespread nature of this problem.

Injuries, HIV and other STDs, mental health problems, poor academic performance and school dropout, teenage pregnancy, premature birth, reproductive health issues, and infectious and non-communicable diseases are all exacerbated by violence in adolescence.

Mental Health

Among young adults, mental health problems account for 16% of the total global burden of disease and disability. Because adolescent mental health issues sometimes go unrecognized until adulthood, they often go undiagnosed and untreated. Fortunately, thanks to Rx Canadayou can now benefit from reductions on your medicines without leaving your home.

The happiness and psychological health of adolescents can be affected by various circumstances. Increased vulnerability to mental health problems is associated with exposure to risk factors such as violence, poverty, stigma, isolation, and living in humanitarian and unstable settings.

The time has come to normalize the idea that it is acceptable to talking about mental health and ask for help when needed. Neglecting to address adolescent mental health issues can have lasting negative effects on a person’s physical and mental well-being as well as their ability to pursue meaningful careers and personal goals in adulthood.

substance abuse

Teenage drinking is a big problem in many countries. Lack of inhibition can lead to reckless actions like harmful sexual encounters and reckless driving. It is a major contributor to rates of violence, premature death and injury, some of which are caused by motor vehicle accidents. It also impacts life expectancy and can cause health problems later in life.

Substance abuse in adolescents and young adults is linked to neurocognitive changes that have been linked to long-term negative effects on a variety of domains, including but not limited to behavior, emotions, functioning social and academic.

Tobacco consumption

Most current smokers picked up the habit during their teenage years. Important measures include restricting access to tobacco products for those under 18, increasing tobacco taxes, banning tobacco advertising and creating smoke-free zones. At least one in ten adolescents worldwide use tobacco, with the number significantly higher in other regions.

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